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绿色金融国际研讨会在京举行 中国对外投资环境风险管理倡议发布

2017-09-06   

9月5日,中国金融学会绿色金融专业委员会(绿金委)与联合国环境规划署等五家机构在北京共同主办了绿色金融国际研讨会。会议宣介了G20绿色金融研究小组向G20汉堡峰会提交的研究成果,发布了绿金委等七个机构发起的《中国对外投资环境风险管理倡议》,并就八个全.......

9月5日,中国金融学会绿色金融专业委员会(绿金委)与联合国环境规划署等五家机构在北京共同主办了绿色金融国际研讨会。会议宣介了G20绿色金融研究小组向G20汉堡峰会提交的研究成果,发布了绿金委等七个机构发起的《中国对外投资环境风险管理倡议》,并就八个全球绿色金融发展议题展开了热烈的讨论。中国人民银行副行长殷勇、联合国助理秘书长Elliott Harris、英国驻华大使Barbara Woodward、阿根廷证券监管局(CNV)局长兼国际证监会组织(IOSCO)副主席Marcos Ayerra、工商银行副行长张红力等在会上致辞。来自亚洲开发银行、国际金融公司、英格兰银行、欧洲复兴开发银行(EBRD)、泛美开发银行、蒙古国央行等上百家机构共约400位代表出席会议并参加讨论。


殷勇在致辞中介绍,2016年,中国人民银行等七部委发布了《关于构建绿色金融体系的指导意见》。随着《指导意见》的出台,中国成为全球首个建立了比较完整的绿色金融政策体系的经济体。2016年,中国绿色债券的发行规模达2000多亿人民币,占全球发行规模的40%,成为全球最大的绿色债券市场。截至今年6月,中国地方政府设立了20多只绿色发展基金,部分地方政府采取了绿色担保和贴息等激励机制降低绿色项目的融资成本;中国金融机构也推出了包括绿色资产证券化(ABS)、绿色资产担保债券、绿色建筑保险、绿色ETF、碳期货和碳掉期等许多创新性绿色金融产品。最近,国务院决定在五个省(区)建设绿色金融改革创新试验区。


2016年,中国倡导发起了“G20绿色金融研究小组”,由中国人民银行和英格兰银行共同主持,该小组提出的推动全球绿色金融发展的七项倡议写入了2016年G20杭州峰会领导人公报。2017年,德国在担任G20主席期间决定继续讨论绿色金融议题。G20绿色金融研究小组提出的推动金融机构开展环境风险分析和改善环境数据可获得性的倡议写入了今年的《G20汉堡行动计划》。


殷勇说,G20的这些成果引领了全球绿色金融领域发展,向全球传递了积极的政策信号,对推动绿色金融主流化发挥了重要作用。2016年以来,许多国家和地区推出了一系列支持绿色金融的政策措施和金融创新,鼓励金融机构开展环境风险分析并发展绿色债券市场。2016年,全球绿色债券发行量超过800亿美元,比2015年增长一倍多。2017年上半年,全球绿色债券发行量同比增速仍然达50%。


殷勇指出,中国将继续履行应对气候变化的国际承诺,继续大力推动绿色金融领域的国际合作,推动“一带一路”投资绿色化。过去几年,中国绿色金融的迅速发展得益于借鉴国际经验,中国也愿意通过国际交流更多地与世界各国分享经验,推动绿色金融领域的能力建设,与各国一起共同促进全球经济向绿色化转型。


联合国助理秘书长Elliott Harris在致辞中高度评价了中国在推动形成全球绿色金融共识方面所取得的重要成果以及中国在绿色金融领域的国际影响力。英国驻华大使吴百纳表示,中英共同合作,在推动绿色金融全球发展中发挥了重要作用。未来应该继续改进信息披露,建立统一且健全的标准,改进环境风险评估,促进将气候变化的环境成本转化为融资的资金成本。


绿金委主任、G20绿色金融小组共同主席马骏在发言中说,过去两年,G20在推动形成全球发展绿色金融共识方面取得了显著的进展,未来的工作重点应该是在多个层面上加强绿色金融能力建设:在政府和监管层面,要提升设计激励机制、制定绿色标准、强化环境信息披露的能力;在机构层面,要提升落实赤道原则、责任投资原则、环境风险分析、量化环境成本与效益的能力和绿色金融产品的创新能力;在人力资源层面,要培养一大批有绿色理念、熟悉绿色金融产品和工具的人才。


为了鼓励和引导中国金融机构和企业在对外投资过程中强化环境风险管理,遵循责任投资原则,将绿色发展理念融入“一带一路”建设,推动落实联合国《2030可持续发展目标》、《巴黎协议》和七部委《关于构建绿色金融体系的指导意见》,研讨会上,绿金委、中国投资协会、中国银行业协会、中国证券投资基金业协会、中国保险资产管理业协会、中国信托业协会、环境保护部环境保护对外合作中心共同向参与对外投资的中国金融机构和企业发起了《中国对外投资环境风险管理倡议》。


该倡议鼓励参与对外投资的中国金融机构和企业充分了解、防范和管理对外投资项目所涉及的环境和社会风险,强化环境信息披露,定量评估投资项目的环境效益与成本,积极利用绿色融资工具和环境责任保险,采用绿色供应链管理办法,推动贸易融资和供应链融资绿色化,加强环境风险管理方面的能力建设。


在研讨会的专场交流中,与会代表就G20在推动绿色金融全球共识中的作用、金融机构开展环境风险分析、绿色金融助力“一带一路”建设、环境信息披露和数据应用、责任投资的国内外实践、新兴市场绿色债券发展、以及绿色数字金融等议题展开了热烈的讨论。


本次研讨会由绿金委、联合国环境署、中国工商银行、“一带一路”银行间常态化合作机制、CFA协会共同主办。中国证券投资基金业协会、中国保险资产管理业协会、保尔森基金会、能源基金会(中国)、彭博慈善基金会、绿色数字金融联盟和中国兴业银行等机构为会议提供了支持。


点击下载:中国对外投资环境风险管理倡议 (中英终稿)


中国对外投资环境风险管理倡议

Environmental Risk Management Initiativefor

China’s Overseas Investment 

中国金融学会绿色金融专业委员会

Green Finance Committee (GFC) of China Society for Finance and Banking

中国投资协会

Investment Association of China (IAC)

中国银行业协会

China Banking Association (CBA)

中国证券投资基金业协会

Asset Management Association of China (AMAC)

中国保险资产管理业协会

Insurance Asset Management Association of China (IAMAC)

中国信托业协会

China Trustee Association (CTA)

环境保护部环境保护对外合作中心

Foreign Economic Cooperation Office (FECO) of Ministry of Environment Protection


2017 95

September 5, 2017

 

中国对外投资环境风险管理倡议 

为了鼓励和引导中国金融机构和企业在对外投资过程中强化环境风险管理,遵循责任投资原则,将生态文明和绿色发展理念融入“一带一路”建设,推动落实联合国《2030可持续发展目标》、《巴黎协议》和七部委《关于构建绿色金融体系的指导意见》,中国金融学会绿色金融专业委员会、中国投资协会、中国银行业协会、中国证券投资基金业协会、中国保险资产管理业协会、中国信托业协会、环境保护部环境保护对外合作中心共同向参与对外投资的中国金融机构和非金融企业发起如下倡议

一、       参与对外投资的金融机构和企业应充分了解项目所在地的环境法规、标准和相关的环境风险。鼓励对外投资的金融机构和企业研究和分析与环境相关的标准和准则、项目所在国的环境相关法律、规定、政策、标准,以识别、评估、控制和管理其业务在项目所在国所面临的环境风险,并督促与其有业务关系的机构提升环境绩效。

二、       参与对外投资的金融机构和企业应充分了解项目所属行业的环境法规和标准,以及该行业环境风险的主要类别和防范与应对方法。鼓励对外投资的金融机构和企业根据项目的行业特点,充分了解中国、项目所在国以及国际通行的环境标准并尽可能采用其中的最高标准,深入开展项目环境尽职调查;高度重视采矿、火电、基建、钢铁、水泥、建材、化工、纺织印染等项目可能带来的环境影响;利用环境风险分析工具,充分识别和评估所投资项目对大气、水、土壤和森林等环境要素的潜在影响,有效管理这些风险

三、       参与对外投资的银行应借鉴国际可持续原则,参与对外投资的机构投资者应借鉴联合国责任投资原则,在投资决策和项目实施过程中充分考虑环境、社会、治理(ESG)因素,建立健全管理环境风险的内部流程和机制。对外投资金融机构应按照环境风险高低进行分类管理,开展环境影响尽职调查,作为信贷和投资决策的重要依据;基于环境尽职调查发现的主要风险点,与被投资企业共同改进方案;在贷后和投资后持续跟踪改进方案的落实情况,以及客户环境社会绩效。

四、       鼓励参与对外投资的金融机构和企业强化ESG信息披露,主动与环保组织合作,利用信息披露要求改善项目评估和内部管理流程。在符合相关法律和规定的前提下,鼓励参与对外投资的金融机构在开展投资之前对拟投资的项目概况、融资规模、及环境影响摘要进行披露;鼓励企业在项目建设前将项目环境影响评价报告用当地语言或英语进行公示;鼓励参与投资的金融机构和企业参照国际报告倡议组织(GRI)的标准进行ESG年度信息披露;投资主体应该明确负责环境信息披露的部门和人员。对存在潜在重大环境和社会风险的项目,应主动向投资者、股东以及监管机构披露关键信息;加强与利益相关方的沟通。

五、       参与对外投资的金融机构要充分利用机构总部的资源、国际资本市场和第三方机构的支持,强化对境外分支机构开展环境风险管理的内部流程和能力建设。总部应该对全机构的环境风险管理进行一体化管理,明确境内外分支机构的责任。总部应指导境外分支机构完善信贷活动及其他业务的操作指引,加强对环境风险的评估,设置具体的行业细分和融资条款,完善授信企业环境责任认定方法和环境风险等级划分;总部应建立培训机制,通过定期讲座、授课等方式加强境外机构绿色信贷和绿色投资能力建设。

六、       鼓励加强在对外投资项目决策过程中逐步完善对项目环境效益与成本的定量评估。鼓励金融机构和企业定量测算对外投资项目的环境效益,包括项目的各类污染排放量和能耗、水耗等指标,为决策提供科学依据;针对不同类型项目环境效益和成本的体现特征,采用有针对性的评价指标和评价方法;环境效益、成本的测算基准和标准的选择要考虑项目所在国技术水平以及环境基础条件等因素,以保证环境效益成本定量评估的适用性,同时尽可能参照国际先进标准。

七、       鼓励参与对外投资重大项目的机构在决策和实施过程中,充分利用第三方专业力量,帮助评估和管理环境所面临的环境和社会风险。鼓励中国金融机构和企业在对外投资活动中,充分利用律师、环保咨询、NGO、智库及其它第三方专业机构了解东道国当地环保法律法规要求,按照东道国法律规定和良好行业实践进行环境影响评估工作,识别和管理项目、地区及国际层面的环境风险,协助搭建与利益相关方的对话平台。鼓励中国企业通过包括但不限于调解等多元化争端解决方式妥善解决与环保有关的纠纷。

八、       鼓励对外投资项目,尤其是中长期基础设施项目,充分利用绿色融资工具。对外投资机构应积极采用绿色债券、绿色资产ABSYieldCo、碳收益抵押融资等绿色融资工具以及绿色产业基金为项目筹集资金,支持绿色金融市场和绿色金融产品的发展,强化绿色融资工具所要求的环境信息披露和内部流程,发挥第三方机构(如绿色评级、绿色指数、绿色认证机构等)在绿色融资过程中对强化项目环境风险管理的倒逼机制

九、       鼓励在环境高风险领域的对外投资企业积极使用环境责任保险作为环境风险管理的工具,充分发挥保险公司在监督企业降低环境风险、减少环境事故方面的作用。对外投资企业应遵循项目所在国关于在环境高风险领域(如采矿、石油、化工、危险品运输等)对环境污染责任保险的投保要求,积极使用国际保险机构提供的环境责任险来管理环境事故可能导致的法律和财务风险。我国保险机构应该配合“一带一路”倡议,加快服务走出去的步伐,开发适于对外投资项目的环境责任保险产品,并在监督和激励对外投资企业降低环境风险方面发挥积极作用。

十、       在基础设施等大型对外投资项目的设计、项目招标、原材料和设备采购的过程中,应该采用绿色供应链管理方法,推动原材料和设备及服务提供商进行绿色化运营。鼓励对外投资机构在基础设施等大型对外投资项目的可行性研究、立项、设计、建设和运营等环节,落实绿色供应链管理要求。践行绿色采购原则,探索项目管理单位、工程建设总承包、运营维护单位等主体以及原材料和设备绿色招投标,实施投资项目行政办公相关绿色采购。开展绿色供应链自愿行动,合作开发绿色供应链材料设备推荐目录,发布绿色供应链绩效评价指数,提升绿色供应链信息化水平,促进绿色供应链信息公开和互联互通。

十一、           金融机构应推动贸易融资和供应链融资绿色化,降低绿色供应商的融资成本,提高融资可获得性。金融机构应根据绿色供应链相关内容,对融资企业进行风险控制管理,积极支持绿色供应商;金融机构应通过自身优势,引导客户加强对供应链、关联方的环境与社会风险管理,促进企业绿色转型升级;金融机构应积极创新绿色供应链相关的金融产品及业务,推动绿色生产、绿色采购与绿色消费发展。

十二、           中国金融学会绿色金融专业委员会和中国投资协会将联合中国银行业协会、中国证券投资基金业协会、中国保险资产管理业协会、中国信托业协会、环境保护部环境保护对外合作中心等行业协会和机构,为“走出去”的金融机构和企业在环境风险管理领域提供更多的能力建设服务。相关行业协会和机构所发起的绿色金融服务平台将组织有关绿色投融资的培训活动,编写对外投资绿色化案例和环境风险管理手册,建设“一带一路”环境风险管理网,强化投资者之间的信息共享。相关行业协会和机构应积极发挥指导作用,与国际社会、NGO组织和项目利益相关方积极沟通,为中国金融机构和企业创造良好的信息沟通环境。

 

           中国金融学会绿色金融专业委员会

           中国投资协会

           中国银行业协会

中国证券投资基金业协会

中国保险资产管理业协会

              中国信托业协会

环境保护部环境保护对外合作中心

 

2017 95


Environmental Risk Management Initiativefor

China’s Overseas Investment

 

By improvingthe environmental risk management of their overseas investments and by adopting responsible investment principles, Chinese financial institutions and enterprises can significantly accelerate progress towards key sustainability goals, such as the ‘greening’of the Belt and Road (B&R) Initiative, the fulfilment the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development and the Paris Agreement on climate change, and the implementation of the ‘Guidelines for Establishing the Green Financial System’ enacted by the seven state ministries. To encourage and guide this effort by Chinese financial institutions and enterprises, the following Environmental Risk Management Initiative for China’s Overseas Investment has now been jointly launched, bythe Green Finance Committee (GFC) ofChina Society for Finance and Banking, Investment Association of China (IAC),China Banking Association (CBA), Asset Management Association of China (AMAC)Insurance Asset Management Association of China (IAMAC), China Trustee Association (CTA), and the Foreign Economic Cooperation Office (FECO) of the Ministry of Environment Protection.

 

I.       Financial institutions and enterprises engaged in overseas investment should fully understand the environmental laws, regulations and standards of the host countries, as well as the key environmental risks for their projects. Financial institutions and enterprisesare encouraged to understand and analyze the host countries’ environmental laws, regulations, policies and standards,and to identify, assess, mitigate and manage environmental risks for their business activities within host countries. They should also urge their partners to improve environmental performance. 

 

II.      Entities engaged in overseas investment should understand the environmental laws, regulations and standards for the specific sectors of their projects, as well as the sector-specific environmental risks and mitigation approaches. Financial institutions and enterprises are encouraged to fully understand relevant environmental standards both in China and in host countries, as well as the prevailing international standards, and adopt the highest standard where feasible. They should conduct in-depth environmental due diligence, andmaintain a high level of vigilance for potential environmental impacts from industries such as mining, coal-firedpower, infrastructure, steel, cement, building materials, chemicals, and textile and dyeing. In addition, they should use environmental risk analysis tools to fully identify and assess potential impacts on air, water, soil and forestry, and take steps to effectively manage such risks.

 

III.    In making overseas investments, banks should refer to relevant international sustainability standards, and institutional investors should refer to the UN Principles for Responsible Investment. These institutions should take full account of ESG (environmental, social and governance) factors during the investment decision-making process, as well as during project implementation. They will also need to establish a sound internal process for environmental risk management.This calls for categorizing and managing environmental risks according to appropriate risk levels, and conducting environmental and social due diligence needed to support credit and investment decision-making.They should also jointly develop action plans with investees based on risks identified during due diligence, and continouously monitor the implementation of action plans and client environmental performance after disbursement of funding.

 

IV.     Entities engaged in overseas investment are encouraged to take steps to improve the disclosure of ESG information. Such steps could include actively engaging with environmental protection organizations, and using information disclosure as a tool for improving project review and internal management procedures. In keeping with relevant laws and regulations,financial institutions are encouraged to disclose information on proposed project profiles, the size of financing and the environmental impact summary before the investment is made. Companies are encouraged to discloseenvironmental impact assessment reports in Englishor the local language prior to project construction. Financial institutions and enterprises are also encouraged to disclose ESG information annually with reference to the standards of the Global Reporting Initiative (GRI).Investment entities should clarify where the responsibility for environmental information disclosure sits within their organization. Material information of projects that may involve major environmental and social risks should be disclosed to investors, shareholders and regulatory agencies. Financial institutions and enterprises are also encouraged to strengthen communications with key stakeholders.

 

V.       Financial institutions should make full use of resources and support available from their headquarters, as well as from international capital market and third-party institutions, with a view to improvingtheir internal procedures and capacity for environmental risk management in overseas branches. Financial institutions should have consistent approaches towards environmental risk management, and clearly defined roles and responsibilities for their headquarters and overseas branches. Headquarters need to guide overseas branches in: improving their lending practices and other business operations guidelines with respect to environmental risk assessment; designing specific risk categorization and convenants; improving environmental risk categorization; and defining investee responsibilities. Headquarters of financial institutions should also provide regular training programs to build the capacity of their overseas branches for green lending and investment.

 

VI.     Entities engaged in overseas investment should improve the use of quantitative analysis of the environmental costs and benefits as part of the investment decision-making process.Financial institutions and enterprises are encouraged to quantify the environmental costs and benefits of overseas investment projects, including different types of pollutant discharge, energy consumption and water use, as a basis for decision-making. For different types of projects, appropriate evaluation indicators and assessment methods should be used. To ensure the applicability of the quantitative analysis, the calculation of environmental costs and benefits should take into consideration such factors as the host country’s level of technology development and environmental situation, while international standards should be used as benchmarks where appropriate.

 

VII.   Entities engaged in overseas investment are encouraged to use third-party service providers for assessing and managing environmental and social risks for major projects.During overseas investment activities, Chinese financial institutions and enterprises are encouraged to make full use of lawyers, environmental consultants, non-governmental organizations (NGOs), think tanks, and other professional service providers to understand the host countries’ environmental laws and regulations. They should also carry out environmental impact assessments in accordance with local provisions and sector best practices, as well as identify and prevent environmental risks at the project, local and international level, and establish communication platforms with stakeholders. Enterprises are encouraged to adopt multiple means of conflict management, including mediation,for settling environment-related disputes.

 

VIII.  Investment entities are encouraged to use green finance instruments for overseas projects, especially medium- and long-term infrastructure projects. Institutions investing overseas should actively apply green finance instruments such as green bonds, green ABS, YieldCo, and emission rights-based financing tools, as well as financing from green investment funds, to moblize capital for green projects, support the development of green finance market and green finance products, and strengthen environmental information disclosure and internal processes as required by the use of green finance instruments. They should also engage third party institutions (such as green rating, green index, and green certification agencies) to help strengthen project environmental risk management.

 

IX.     Enterprises engaged in overseas investment are encouraged to use environmental liability insurance as a risk management tool for projects with high environmental risk.Enterprises should seek to leverage insurance companies’ capacity for mitigating environmental risks and reducing the probability of environmental accidents.They should also abide by the insurance requirements of host countries on environmental pollution liability in high environmental risk sectors (such as mining, petroleum, chemicals, and transportation of hazardous materials), and actively use environmental liability insurance provided by international insurers to manage potential legal and financial risks caused by environmental accidents. China`s insurance institutions should actively participate in the "Belt and Road" initiative by developing environmental liability insurance products for overseas investment projects, and play an active role in monitoring and encouraging enterprises to reduce environmental risks in overseas investment.

 

X.       Green supply chain management should be adopted in project design and initiation, project bidding, and in the procurement of raw materials and equipment procurement for large overseas infrastructure projects. This will help promote green operations for suppliers of raw materials, equipment and services.Under the green procurement principles, a green bidding process should be exploredfor contractors for project management, engineering contracts, project operations and maintenance, as well as raw materials and equipment, and green procurement of office suppliersshould be implemented. Voluntary initiatives on green supply chain are also encouraged in areas such as the development of ‘white lists’for green supply chain materials and equipment, the release of green supply chain performance indices, and the improvement of transparency and information connectivity in relation to the green supply chain.

 

XI.     Financialinstitutions should take steps to ‘green’ trade finance and supply chain finance. This can help reducefinancing costs and improving access to finance for green suppliers. Financial institutions should carry out their risk management efforts based on ‘green features’ of suppliers, with a view to supportingand encouraging green suppliers.They can guidecustomers to strengthen their environment and social risk management with respect to supply chain management, which will in turn help promote a green transformation of their businesses. Financial institutions can also actively developinnovative financial products and services that will facilitate the greening of all steps in the process: the supply chain, production, procurement and consumption.

 

XII.    The Green Finance Committee (GFC) of China Society for Finance and Banking and Investment Association of China (IAC), together with China Banking Association (CBA), Asset Management Association of China (AMAC), Insurance Asset Management Association of China (IAMAC)China Trustee Association (CTA), the Foreign Economic Cooperation Office (FECO) of the Ministry of Environment Protection and other industrial associations and institutions will provide more capacity building services in the area of environmental risk management for financial institutions and enterprises investing overseas. The green finance service platform, supported by relevant industry associations, will carry out many activities to facilitate these efforts, such as: organizing training programs on green investment and financing; developing case studies on greening overseas investment and environmental risk management manuals; developing a website for the “Belt & Road” environmental risk management; and improving information sharing among investors. Industry associations should also provide guidance on engagement with the international community, NGOs and stakeholders, and to establish quality communication channels for China’s financial institutions and enterprises.


Green Finance Committee (GFC) of China Society for Finance and Banking

Investment Association of China (IAC)

China Banking Association (CBA)

Asset Management Association of China (AMAC)

Insurance Asset Management Association of China (IAMAC)

China Trustee Association (CTA)

Foreign Economic Cooperation Office (FECO) of Ministry of Environment Protection

 

September 5, 2017

 

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